Falun Gong: Timeline

Persecution: Timeline

 

 

Falun Gong: Timeline


May 13, 1951
 

Li Hongzhi, the founder of Falun Gong, is born in Gongzhuling city, Jilin province, China.


1980s
 

A fitness movement known as the “qigong wave” sweeps China. Millions take up traditional, tai-chi-like health exercises known as “qigong,” filling parks across the country by the break of dawn. Some 2,000 different qigong disciplines are reportedly practiced by tens of millions. Books, magazines, and scientific research on qigong abound.


1984
 

Mr. Li decides to create Falun Gong—a more accessible variant of Falun Xiufo Dafa, the main lineage of which Li had received transmission and practiced in private since he was five years old.


1989
 

A two-plus year period of trial and observation begins wherein Mr. Li gives instruction to several initial students, in private, to evaluate the suitability of Falun Gong for dissemination among the general public.


May 13-22, 1992
 

Mr. Li gives first public teaching on Falun Gong in Chinaʼs northeastern city of Changchun—then Liʼs residence. An estimated 180 persons attend. Public “practice sites,” where adherents gather to do Falun Gongʼs exercises together, soon follow.


1992- 1994
 

Mr. Li travels throughout China giving 54 talks and class series on Falun Gong. Classes typically last 8-10 days, two hours per day. Seminars are often arranged by local government-run qigong organizations. Attendees range from a few hundred to upwards of 6,000 per event.


Sept. 1992
 

Falun Gong is officially recognized as a qigong branch (gongpai) under the auspices and administration of the Qigong Science Research Association of China. Receives permit to teach nationwide.


 

1992
 

Mr. Li is formally declared a “Master of Qigong” by the Qigong Science Research Association of China.


Dec. 12-21, 1992
 

Mr. Li and several select students participate in the 1992 Asian Health Expo in Beijing, held at the National Trade Building in the Dabeiyao area. Li receives the most awards of any master at the event, announcing Falun Gong as a presence on the qigong scene, in effect.


April 1993
 

The first book teaching the practice, Zhonguo Falungong (中国法轮功, China Falun Gong), is published by Military Yiwen Press (军事谊文出版社), making the practice accessible to a much wider audience. A revised edition is released in December of the same year.


July 30, 1993
 

The Falun Gong Research Association of China (中国法轮功研究会 ) is established at the approval of the national Qigong Science Research Association of China.

 

August 31, 1993
 

The Jianyi Yongwei Foundation of China (中华见义勇为基金会), an affiliate institution of the Ministry of Public Security, writes a letter of appreciation following the giving of qigong treatments to Foundation honorees at its third national conference.


Sept. 21, 1993
 

The People's Public Security Daily, a publication under the Ministry of Public Security, runs a story commending Mr. Li for his contributions “in promoting the traditional crime-fighting virtues of the Chinese people, in safeguarding social order and security, and in promoting rectitude in society.”


Dec. 11–20, 1993
 

Li and select students again participate in Beijingʼs Asian Health Expo, held this time at Sanyuanqiao International Exhibition Center. Several awards are bestowed, including that for “Advancing Frontier Science,” the “Special Gold Award,” and “Most Acclaimed Qigong Master." Falun Gongʼs profile grows significantly.


Dec. 27, 1993
 

Li is awarded a Certificate of Honor from the Jianyi Yongwei Foundation of China (中华见义勇为基金会), an affiliate institution of the Ministry of Public Security.


April, 1994
 

Window to Literature and the Arts magazine (文艺之窗), a monthly periodical, publishes the first of three features stories on the practice of Falun Gong. The practice increasingly finds itself in the news, primarily on grounds of its health benefits and the good citizenship it fosters.


May 6, 1994
 

Mr. Li is declared a “Grandmaster of Qigong,” by the Jilin Province Qigong Science Research Association.


August 3, 1994
 

The City of Houston, Texas, declares Mr. Li a “Goodwill Ambassador” and an “Honorary Citizen” for his “unselfish public service for the benefit and welfare of mankind.” These are the first of what would become hundreds of recognitions given to Li and Falun Gong in the United States and throughout the free world.


Sept. 1994
 

The first Falun Gong instructional videotape (demonstrating the practiceʼs exercises and meditation) is published under the auspices of Beijing Television Art Center Publishing House.


Dec. 31, 1994
 

Last Falun Gong public teaching is given, taking place in the northeastern city of Dalian. Some 6,600 persons attend.


January, 1995
 

Zhuan Falun (转法轮), the complete teachings of Falun Gong and focal book of the practice, is published by Radio & Television Broadcasting Press of China (中国广播电视出版社). A publication ceremony, held on January 4, takes place in an auditorium of the Ministry of Public Security.


February, 1995
 

Mr. Li is propositioned by the Chinese National Sports Committee, Ministry of Public Health, and China Qigong Science Research Association to jointly establish a Falun Gong “association” that would coordinate (and oversee) nationwide promotion and teaching of the practice. Li declines the offer, wishing, most likely, to keep the practice free of political complexities and influence.


March 13, 1995
 

Mr. Li begins teaching Falun Gong abroad, starting with a talk given in Paris[M1] at the Chinese embassy, initiated at the invitation of Chinaʼs ambassador to France. A full seven-day class begins that evening in Paris, followed by a second series in May in Sweden.

 

1996
 

As Falun Gong becomes more popular, early signs of state oppression appear. Shortly after Zhuan Falun is listed in January, March, and April as a bestseller by Beijing Youth Daily (北京青年报), Falun Gong books are banned from publication by a July 24 internal order from the China News Publishing Bureau (新闻出版署), an entity under the Ministry of Propaganda. The document accuses Falun Gong of “spreading superstition.” The same year, Mr. Li moves to the United States.


March 1996
 

Falun Gong withdraws from the Qigong Science Research Association of China over philosophical differences and concerns by Mr. Li of exploitation.

 

April 1996
 

Former administrators of the Falun Gong Research Association of China begin application process with three other state-administered entities for formal registration. All applications are denied.


June 17
 

The first major state-run media article criticizing Falun Gong appears, run in the Guangming Daily newspaper.


1997
 

Chinaʼs Public Security Bureau conducts an investigation into whether Falun Gong should be deemed a “heretical teaching” (邪教, i.e., “cult”). Investigators conclude, “No evidence has appeared thus far.”


1998-1999
 

Attacks on Falun Gong escalate in state-run media even as positive reports continue alongside, suggesting internal divisions among Chinaʼs political leadership. The Falun Gong respond to criticisms by visiting, and sometimes petitioning outside, local newspaper or television stations seeking greater accuracy in reporting. Such events take place in Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, and other major cities.


July 21, 1998
 

Bureau No. 1 of the Ministry of Public Security issues Document [1998] No. 555, titled, "Notice of the Investigation of Falun Gong," claiming that Falun Gong is heretical cult. The Ministry begins a series of investigations, seeking evidence in support of the conclusion. Means include tapping phone lines, monitoring volunteers, raiding homes, confiscating personal belongings, Various forms of (unlawful) harassment ensue at the hands of Chinese police, including disruption of public morning exercise sessions with water cannons and the closure of certain sites. Homes are ransacked in some areas.


Dec 1998 ??
 

Study conducted by Chinaʼs State Sports Commission estimates that over 70 millions persons are practicing Falun Gong in China.


1998 latter half
 

Qiao Shi, who had just finished a term as Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Peopleʼs Congress and served on the Politburo, led his own investigation, joined by other senior members of the Congress, into the Document 555 allegations after receiving a deluge of letters of concern. After months of investigating, the group concluded that, “Falun Gong has hundreds of benefits for the Chinese people and nation, and does not a bit of harm.”


May–Oct 1998
 

The National Sports Commission of China launches its own investigation into Falun Gong. The head investigator, dispatched to northeastern China, declared on Oct. 20 that, “Weʼre convinced the exercises and effects of Falun Gong are excellent. It has done an extraordinary amount to improve societyʼs stability and ethics. This should be duly affirmed.”


February 14, 1999

An official from Chinaʼs National Sports Commission, speaking with U.S. News & World Report, intimates that as many as 100 million may have taken up the practice. The official highlights the costs the practice is saving Chinaʼs national health care system, declaring that, “Premier Zhu Rongji is very happy about that.”


April 25, 1999
 

Some 10,000-plus Falun Gong adherents assemble outside the Central Appeals Office, adjacent to the Zhongnanhai leadership compound, in Beijing, to raise concerns over the arrest and beatings of 45 members the prior day in Tianjin by a Tianjing Public Security Bureau SWAT team.


April 26, 1999
 

In an article entitled, “Growing group poses a dilemma for China,” the Associated Press states that Chinaʼs Falun Gong has “more members than the Communist Party—at least 70 million, according to the State Sports Administration.” Two New York Times stories the following day put the number of Falun Gong at 70 million, attributing the figure to the Chinese government. The article states that the group “even by Chinese Government estimates has more members than the Communist Party.”


June 10, 1999
 

The “6-10 Office” is established at the behest of Chinese Communist Party Head Jiang Zemin. Itʼs charge: to plan, orchestrate, and carry out a comprehensive suppression of the Falun Gong. July 20, 1999 Dozens of prominent Falun Gong volunteers are arrested throughout China and have their homes ransacked by police. Tens of thousands travel to the Central Appeals Office in response.


July 22, 1999
 

Falun Gong is officially banned by Chinaʼs communist rulers. Massive arrests ensue along with ransackings, abductions, and the confiscation of Falun Gong-related materials. A nationwide propaganda campaign is launched in synch. Millions respond by petitioning Chinese authorities, many traveling to Beijing.

 

information from www.FalunInfo.net